There is by all accounts some disarray about the importance of Hell and who goes there due to the way the Hebrew word Sheol and the Greek word Hades have been deciphered in our English Bibles. Since this perplexity has driven some into a mistaken comprehension of what the Bible really educates about the middle state and the last condition of the dead, we imagine that it is significant that we address this subject here.
Sheol is found in the Bible sixty-five times. It is interpreted “the pit” multiple times, “the grave” thirty-one times, and “hellfire” thirty-one times. Hades is utilized multiple times, being rendered “hellfire” multiple times and “grave” once. Adding to the perplexity is that two different words are likewise interpreted damnation in the New Testament. These are Tartarus, which is found once and Gehenna, which is utilized multiple times.
The expression “Hellfire” is normally comprehended to mean a position of torment where the spirits of the mischievous follow physical passing. This is valid. Nonetheless, in light of the fact that Hades in the New Testament and Sheol in the Old are differently rendered hellfire or grave, there has been some misconception about what damnation and the grave are. Prior to taking a gander at these words however, we should initially give our consideration regarding the Greek word Gehenna, which is constantly interpreted damnation and utilized in reference to the Lake of Fire. It is found in Matthew 5:22,29,30; 10:28; 18:9; 23:15,33; Mark 9:43,45,47; Luke 12:5; and James 3:6.
THE FINAL HELL
The Lake of Fire, or Hell, is an exacting spot of everlasting flame that was initially made by God as a position of discipline for Satan and the heavenly attendants that tailed him in his defiance to God (Mat. 25:41). Since it is alluded to as the spot of “external dimness” (Mat. 8:12; 25:30), we trust that it is most presumably situated at the most remote scopes of the creation. Gehenna is depicted in Scripture as a “heater of flame” (Mat. 13:42); “everlasting discipline” (Mat. 25:46); “the fog [gloom] of haziness” (II Pet. 2:17); the “hurt of the second demise” (Rev. 2:11 cf. 20:6,14; 21:8); “a pool of flame consuming with brimstone” (Rev. 19:20; 20:10; 21:8).
While Hell was made for Satan and the other fallen holy messengers, the unsaved of mankind from all ages will be with them in this spot of torment where “there will moan and wrathful activity” (Mat. 13:42). This is the “everlasting prize” of such pass on in their transgressions.
While there is nobody in the Lake of Fire right now, it will one day hold a tremendous huge number. The principal occupants of this spot of honest reprisal will be the Beast (Antichrist) and the False Prophet who, toward the finish of the Tribulation, will be “cast alive into a lake consuming with brimstone” (Rev. 19:19-20). Going along with them will be the unsaved of the countries who endure the Tribulation (Mat. 25:31-32,41-46). Additionally, at Jesus Christ’s arrival to earth, the revolutionary Israelites, for example unbelieving Jews, who endure the Tribulation, will be denied entrance into the Millennial Kingdom, presumably to join their Gentile partners in the “spot of everlasting flame” (Eze. 20:33-38; Mat. 7:21-23; cf. Tangle. 24:29-31,45-51). At that point, toward the finish of the Millennial Kingdom of Jesus Christ, Satan will be “cast into the pool of flame and brimstone, where the mammoth and the bogus prophet are, and will be tormented day and night for all eternity” (Rev. 20:10). Lastly, the unsaved dead of any age will be raised and made a decision at the Great White Throne by Jesus Christ and afterward cast into the Lake of Fire (see Rev. 20:11-15).
The name Gehenna originates from a profound restricted gorge south of Jerusalem where some Hebrew guardians really relinquished their youngsters to the Ammonite god, Molech, amid the season of the lords (II Kin. 16;3; II Chron. 28:1-3; cf. Lev. 18:21; I Kin. 11:5,7,33). This agnostic divinity is likewise alluded to as Malcham, Milcom, and Moloch in the Bible. This valley later filled in as the city dump and, in light of the fact that there was consistent consuming of decline there, it turned into a realistic image of the spot of discipline for the fiendish. It was named the “Valley of Hinnom,” which converted into Greek progresses toward becoming Gehenna. The entries where the word is found in the New Testament clearly demonstrate that it was a regularly utilized articulation for Hell at that point. The word is discovered multiple times in the Scriptures, being utilized multiple times by the Lord Jesus and once by James. When we think about the unique circumstance, it is clear the Lord utilized this word in reference to the spot of everlasting discipline for the evil dead and not to the city dump.
Gehenna, or the Lake of Fire, may be alluded to as the future, or last, Hell since it is the place the majority of the insidious from all ages will at long last end up. Satan, the fallen holy messengers, and the majority of the lost of humanity will dwell in torment there always.
SHEOL/HADES: THE PRESENT HELL
Sacred writing sections in which Gehenna is utilized ought to be recognized from those utilizing Hades, which alludes to a position of impermanent torment that we may allude to as the quick, or present, Hell. What we mean by this is, at the season of death, the spirits of the lost go legitimately to Hades, where they endure in torment until the season of the Great White Throne Judgment when they will be restored and cast into the Lake of Fire. The spirits of all the lost who have as of now kicked the bucket are by and by there and the individuals who bite the dust in their transgressions promptly go there to go along with them.
Hades is the New Testament likeness the Old Testament word Sheol. The Greek and Hebrew words discuss a similar spot, the present Hell. Be that as it may, this is hazardous in light of the fact that Sheol has been deciphered “grave” as frequently as it has “hellfire” and some have erroneously instructed that Sheol and Hades are just references to the grave as opposed to Hell. This incorrect instructing prompts the refusal of the presence of a quick or present Hell. The bogus convention of soul-rest, and different thoughts that show the oblivious condition of the dead among death and restoration, spring from this blunder.
The normal word for “grave” in the Old Testament is queber. Of the sixty-four times it is utilized, it is deciphered “grave” thirty-four times, “catacomb” twenty-six times, and “covering place” multiple times. Queber is utilized five extra occasions as a major aspect of a spot name, Kibroth-hattaavah, which signifies “graves of desire.” As we said prior, Sheol is discovered sixty-four times, being rendered “grave” thirty-one times, “hellfire” thirty-one times, and “pit” multiple times.
A correlation of how Sheol and queber are utilized uncovers eight of difference that disclose to us that they are not something very similar.
- Sheol is never utilized in plural structure. Queber is utilized in the plural multiple times.
- It is never said that the body goes to Sheol. Queber discusses the body going there multiple times.
- Sheol is never said to be situated on the essence of the earth. Queber is referenced multiple times as being situated on the earth.
- A person’s Sheol is never referenced. A person’s queber is referenced multiple times.
- Man is never said to placed anybody into Sheol. People are put into a queber by man (multiple times).
- Man is never said to have burrowed or designed a Sheol. Man is said to have burrowed, or molded, a queber (multiple times).
- Man is never said to have contacted Sheol. Man contacts, or can contact, a queber (multiple times).
- It is never said that man can have a Sheol. Man is discussed as having the capacity to have a queber (multiple times). (These eight points of examination are adjusted from “Life and Death” by Caleb J. Cook, Bible Institute Colportage Ass’n, 1941).
From the contrasts between how Sheol and queber are utilized in Scripture, clearly they are not something very similar. The Greek word Hades in the New Testament would fit into the Sheol segment of our diagram, unequivocally demonstrating that it is a similar thing as Sheol. Hades is utilized multiple times, being rendered Hell multiple times and grave once.
Words related with queber are quabar and qeburah. Quabar is an action word importance to cover or to be covered and qeburah is a thing meaning a grave or spot of entombment. The utilization of these related words strengthens the contrast among queber and Sheol, as they unmistakably have to do with the grave as an internment place, while Sheol does not.
Precedents SHOWING THAT SHEOL IS NOT A BURIAL PLACE
- In the wake of selling Joseph into subjection, his siblings recolored his jacket with blood and utilized it to persuade their dad that he had been murdered by a wild creature (Gen. 37:26-36). Jacob’s children and little girls attempted “to comfort him; yet he would not be helped; and he stated, ‘for I will go down into the grave (Sheol) unto my child grieving’. Along these lines his dad sobbed for him” (v. 35).
From Jacob’s words plainly he completely planned to in the end be brought together with his child in an unmistakable manner. Clearly at that point, he didn’t just have as a primary concern going along with him in internment as he trusted that Joseph’s body had not been covered by any stretch of the imagination, however was eaten by a creature (v. 33). This being the situation, it was incomprehensible for Jacob to figure he would join Joseph in entombment. Clearly, he anticipated being brought together with him in the spot of the withdrew dead, not in internment. The word rendered grave in this entry is Sheol, the habitation the spirits of the individuals who have kicked the bucket.
- After Jacob kicked the bucket, Joseph had his body embalmed, a procedure that took forty days, at that point returned him to Canaan for entombment (Gen. 50:1-14). When we add to that the thirty days of grieving (Gen. 50:2-4), and the time it took to venture out to Canaan for the memorial service (Gen. 50:5-13), we see that it was a little while after Jacob was “assembled unto his kin” (Gen. 49:33) before his body was set in the cavern that filled in as his entombment place. Taking into account that he had been dead for well more than two months before his body was covered and that the Scriptures express that at the time he kicked the bucket he was “accumulated to his kin” (Gen. 49:33) is telling. This demonstrates at the season of physical passing, when “he yielded up the soul,” his spirit quickly withdrawn his body to be with Is